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Issue 25, 2016
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An effective method for the synthesis of yolk–shell magnetic mesoporous carbon-surface molecularly imprinted microspheres

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Abstract

This study aims to immobilise molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) on the surface of yolk–shell magnetic mesoporous carbon (Fe3O4@void@C) spheres for phthalate ester (PAE) recognition through an effective route. To link MIPs to Fe3O4@void@C spheres, carboxyl-modified yolk–shell magnetic mesoporous carbon (Fe3O4@void@C–COOH) was synthesised by first oxidising Fe3O4@void@C with H2O2, and MIPs were subsequently grafted on the surface of Fe3O4@void@C–COOH by a surface polymerisation method with diisononyl phthalate (DINP), methacrylic acid (MAA) and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as template molecule, functional monomer and cross-linker, respectively. The structure and morphology of the synthesised materials were characterised by XRD, TEM, SEM, FT-IR, N2 sorption and magnetic susceptibility measurements. The synthesis conditions for the formation of Fe3O4@void@C–COOH were systematically investigated. It was observed that the chemical modification of Fe3O4@void@C is highly influenced by the type of oxidant, the concentration of H2O2, oxidation temperature and time. The adsorption isotherm and kinetics of Fe3O4@void@C-MIPs showed that Fe3O4@void@C-MIPs possessed good recognition, fast adsorption rates (approximately 20 min to reach equilibrium) and high adsorption capacities (569.2 mg g−1) toward PAEs, which were ascribed to their uniformity and monodispersity. In addition, Fe3O4@void@C-MIPs exhibited excellent reusability for the adsorption of PAEs over six adsorption–desorption cycles.

Graphical abstract: An effective method for the synthesis of yolk–shell magnetic mesoporous carbon-surface molecularly imprinted microspheres

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
29 Jan 2016
Accepted
26 Apr 2016
First published
01 Jun 2016

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2016,4, 9807-9815
Article type
Paper

An effective method for the synthesis of yolk–shell magnetic mesoporous carbon-surface molecularly imprinted microspheres

R. Yang, Y. Liu, X. Yan, S. Liu and H. Zheng, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2016, 4, 9807
DOI: 10.1039/C6TA00889E

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