Surfactant encapsulated palladium-polyoxometalates: controlled assembly and their application as single-atom catalysts†
The challenge with single-atom catalysts (SACs) is in designing a highly definite structure with accurate location of the single atom and high catalytic efficiency. The noble metal substituted polyoxometalates seem to be a kind of SAC because of their well resolved crystal structure. Here, we got two kinds of assembly structures (nanorolls and hollow spindles) based on the palladium substituted Wells–Dawson polyoxometalate (Pd-POM), which consists of isolated Pd atoms. Both the nanorolls and hollow spindles showed high catalytic activity for both the Suzuki–Miyaura coupling reaction and semihydrogenation reaction. The difference of the chemical surroundings between the nanorolls and hollow spindles leads to their discrepancy in the catalytic activity of semihydrogenation.