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Issue 3, 2016
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The smallest quaternary ammonium salts with ether groups for high-performance electrochemical double layer capacitors

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Abstract

Electrochemical double layer capacitors (EDLCs) are energy storage devices that have been used for a wide range of electronic applications. In particular, the electrolyte is one of the important components, directly related to the capacitance and stability. Herein, we first report a series of the smallest quaternary ammonium salts (QASs), with ether groups on tails and tetrafluoroborate (BF4) as an anion, for use in EDLCs. To find the optimal structure, various QASs with different sized head groups and ether-containing tail groups were systematically compared. Comparing two nearly identical structures with and without ether groups, QASs with oxygen atoms showed improved capacitance, proving that ions with oxygen atoms move more easily than their counterparts at lower electric fields. Moreover, the ether containing QASs showed low activation energy values of conductivities, leading to smaller IR drops during the charge and discharge processes, resulting in an overall higher capacitance.

Graphical abstract: The smallest quaternary ammonium salts with ether groups for high-performance electrochemical double layer capacitors

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Jul 2015, accepted on 29 Nov 2015 and first published on 30 Nov 2015


Article type: Edge Article
DOI: 10.1039/C5SC02755A
Chem. Sci., 2016,7, 1791-1796
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
    All publication charges for this article have been paid for by the Royal Society of Chemistry

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    The smallest quaternary ammonium salts with ether groups for high-performance electrochemical double layer capacitors

    T. Han, M. Park, J. Kim, J. H. Kim and K. Kim, Chem. Sci., 2016, 7, 1791
    DOI: 10.1039/C5SC02755A

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