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Issue 9, 2016
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Highly energetic compositions based on functionalized carbon nanomaterials

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Abstract

In recent years, research in the field of carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), such as fullerenes, expanded graphite (EG), carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene, and graphene oxide (GO), has been widely used in energy storage, electronics, catalysts, and biomaterials, as well as medical applications. Regarding energy storage, one of the most important research directions is the development of CNMs as carriers of energetic components by coating or encapsulation, thus forming safer advanced nanostructures with better performances. Moreover, some CNMs can also be functionalized to become energetic additives. This review article covers updated preparation methods for the aforementioned CNMs, with a more specific orientation towards the use of these nanomaterials in energetic compositions. The effects of these functionalized CNMs on thermal decomposition, ignition, combustion and the reactivity properties of energetic compositions are significant and are discussed in detail. It has been shown that the use of functionalized CNMs in energetic compositions greatly improves their combustion performances, thermal stability and sensitivity. In particular, functionalized fullerenes, CNTs and GO are the most appropriate candidate components in nanothermites, solid propellants and gas generators, due to their superior catalytic properties as well as facile preparation methods.

Graphical abstract: Highly energetic compositions based on functionalized carbon nanomaterials

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Article information


Submitted
08 Nov 2015
Accepted
27 Jan 2016
First published
28 Jan 2016

This article is Open Access

Nanoscale, 2016,8, 4799-4851
Article type
Review Article
Author version available

Highly energetic compositions based on functionalized carbon nanomaterials

Q. Yan, M. Gozin, F. Zhao, A. Cohen and S. Pang, Nanoscale, 2016, 8, 4799
DOI: 10.1039/C5NR07855E

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    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
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    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

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