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Issue 3, 2016
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Shape control of inorganic nanoparticles from solution

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Inorganic materials with controllable shapes have been an intensely studied subject in nanoscience over the past decades. Control over novel and anisotropic shapes of inorganic nanomaterials differing from those of bulk materials leads to unique and tunable properties for widespread applications such as biomedicine, catalysis, fuels or solar cells and magnetic data storage. This review presents a comprehensive overview of shape-controlled inorganic nanomaterials via nucleation and growth theory and the control of experimental conditions (including supersaturation, temperature, surfactants and secondary nucleation), providing a brief account of the shape control of inorganic nanoparticles during wet-chemistry synthetic processes. Subsequently, typical mechanisms for shape-controlled inorganic nanoparticles and the general shape of the nanoparticles formed by each mechanism are also expounded. Furthermore, the differences between similar mechanisms for the shape control of inorganic nanoparticles are also clearly described. The authors envision that this review will provide valuable guidance on experimental conditions and process control for the synthesis of inorganic nanoparticles with tunable shapes in the solution state.

Graphical abstract: Shape control of inorganic nanoparticles from solution

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The article was received on 03 Nov 2015, accepted on 07 Dec 2015 and first published on 08 Dec 2015

Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C5NR07681A
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Nanoscale, 2016,8, 1237-1259

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    Shape control of inorganic nanoparticles from solution

    Z. Wu, S. Yang and W. Wu, Nanoscale, 2016, 8, 1237
    DOI: 10.1039/C5NR07681A

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