Synthesis, electrochemical and spectroscopic properties of ruthenium(ii) complexes containing 2,6-di(1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthrolin-2-yl)aryl ligands†
A series of dinuclear [(bpy)2Ru(L)Ru(bpy)2]4+ and mononuclear ruthenium(II) complexes [(bpy)2Ru(L)]2+ where bpy is 2,2′-bipyridine and L represents 2,6-di(1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthrolin-2-yl)aryl ligands (DIP) were synthetized and characterized. An original pathway is proposed to obtain mono and hetero bi- and polymetallic Ru complexes and the relation between the molecular structure, the photophysical and electrochemical properties of the single Ru complexes is analysed. The investigated aryl cores are benzene, pyridine and 4-tert-butyl phenol. This work is focused on the effect of the aromatic moiety on the photoinduced charge transfer in the bimetallic compounds and the results are compared with the monometallic analogues. The absence of effect on the UV-visible absorption spectra and on the redox behavior upon varying the nature of the aryl moiety show that the two metallic centres in [(bpy)2Ru(L)Ru(bpy)2]4+ complexes are independent. However, luminescence measurements coupled with DFT calculations highlight a different photophysical behaviour between mono and dinuclear compounds incorporating the benzene core. Theoretical DFT and TD-DFT modelling was used to support the studied physico-chemical properties of these molecular systems.