Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 18, 2016
Previous Article Next Article

Biomass-derived carbon: synthesis and applications in energy storage and conversion

Author affiliations

Abstract

The explosive growth of energy consumption demands highly efficient energy conversion and storage devices, whose innovation greatly depends on the development of advanced electrode materials and catalysts. Among those advanced materials explored, carbon materials have drawn much attention due to their excellent properties, such as high specific surface area and tunable porous structures. Challenges also come from global warming and environmental pollution, which leads to the requirement of sustainable carbon-rich precursors for carbon materials. Hence, the use of biomass for carbon materials features the concepts of green chemistry. This review summarizes the most advanced progress in biomass-derived carbons for use in fuel cells, electrocatalytic water splitting devices, supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries. Several synthetic strategies for synthesizing biomass-derived carbons, including direct pyrolysis, hydrothermal carbonization, and ionothermal carbonization, have been reviewed, and the corresponding formation mechanisms and prospects are also discussed. This provides fundamental insight and offers important guidelines for the future design of biomass-derived carbons in specific energy applications.

Graphical abstract: Biomass-derived carbon: synthesis and applications in energy storage and conversion

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 26 Apr 2016, accepted on 04 Jun 2016 and first published on 06 Jun 2016


Article type: Tutorial Review
DOI: 10.1039/C6GC01172A
Green Chem., 2016,18, 4824-4854

  •   Request permissions

    Biomass-derived carbon: synthesis and applications in energy storage and conversion

    J. Deng, M. Li and Y. Wang, Green Chem., 2016, 18, 4824
    DOI: 10.1039/C6GC01172A

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements