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Issue 6, 2016
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Overcoming implementation barriers for nanotechnology in drinking water treatment

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Abstract

Nanotechnology enabled water treatment is a promising approach to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of purifying water in many areas of the world. Nanotechnology offers significant opportunities to revolutionize approaches towards drinking water treatment by enhancing the multifunctionality and versatility of treatment systems while reducing reliance on stoichiometric chemical addition (thus minimizing associated waste streams), shrinking large facilities with relatively long hydraulic contact times and minimizing energy intensive processes. The unique material properties that emerge at the nano-scale enable solutions to treat pollutants in water for which existing technologies are inefficient or ineffective. This perspective describes the rationale, opportunities and barriers for translating this nascent technology from promising bench-scale discoveries to full-scale commercialization and production of safe drinking water.

Graphical abstract: Overcoming implementation barriers for nanotechnology in drinking water treatment

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Article information


Submitted
19 Jun 2016
Accepted
14 Sep 2016
First published
16 Sep 2016

Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2016,3, 1241-1253
Article type
Perspective

Overcoming implementation barriers for nanotechnology in drinking water treatment

P. Westerhoff, P. Alvarez, Q. Li, J. Gardea-Torresdey and J. Zimmerman, Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2016, 3, 1241
DOI: 10.1039/C6EN00183A

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