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Issue 4, 2016
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Furfural: a renewable and versatile platform molecule for the synthesis of chemicals and fuels

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Abstract

The production of future transportation fuels and chemicals requires the deployment of new catalytic processes that transform biomass into valuable products under competitive conditions. Furfural has been identified as one of the most promising chemical platforms directly derived from biomass. With an annual production close to 300 kTon, furfural is currently a commodity chemical, and the technology for its production is largely established. The aim of this review is to discuss the most relevant chemical routes for converting furfural to chemicals, biofuels, and additives. This review focuses not only on industrially produced chemicals derived from furfural, but also on other not yet commercialised products that have a high potential for commercialisation as commodities. Other chemicals that are currently produced from oil but can also be derived from furfural are also reviewed. The chemical and engineering aspects such as the reaction conditions and mechanisms, as well as the main achievements and the challenges still to come in the pursuit of advancing the furfural-based industry, are highlighted.

Graphical abstract: Furfural: a renewable and versatile platform molecule for the synthesis of chemicals and fuels

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Article information


Submitted
30 Aug 2015
Accepted
11 Jan 2016
First published
11 Jan 2016

Energy Environ. Sci., 2016,9, 1144-1189
Article type
Review Article
Author version available

Furfural: a renewable and versatile platform molecule for the synthesis of chemicals and fuels

R. Mariscal, P. Maireles-Torres, M. Ojeda, I. Sádaba and M. López Granados, Energy Environ. Sci., 2016, 9, 1144
DOI: 10.1039/C5EE02666K

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