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Issue 32, 2016
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Unveiling the adsorption mechanism of zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 with high efficiency for removal of copper ions from aqueous solutions

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Abstract

Among the heavy metal ions, copper(II) can cause eye and liver damage at high uptake. The existence of copper ions (Cu2+) even with an ultralow concentration of less than 0.1 μg g−1 can be toxic to living organisms. Thus, it is highly desirable to develop efficient adsorbents to remove Cu2+ from aqueous solutions. In this work, without any surface functionalization or pretreatment, a water-stable zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-8) synthesized at room temperature is directly used as a highly efficient adsorbent for removal of copper ions from aqueous solutions. To experimentally unveil the adsorption mechanism of Cu2+ by using ZIF-8, we explore various effects from a series of important factors, such as pH value, contact time, temperature and initial Cu2+ concentration. As a result, ZIF-8 nanocrystals demonstrate an unexpected high adsorption capacity of Cu2+ and high removal efficiency for both high and low concentrations of Cu2+ from water. Moreover, ZIF-8 nanocrystals possess fast kinetics for removing Cu2+ with the adsorption time of less than 30 min. In addition, the pH of the solution ranging from 3 to 6 shows little effect on the adsorption of Cu2+ by ZIF-8. The adsorption mechanism is proposed for the first time and systematically verified by various characterization techniques, such as TEM, FTIR, XPS, XRD and SEM.

Graphical abstract: Unveiling the adsorption mechanism of zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 with high efficiency for removal of copper ions from aqueous solutions

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
09 May 2016
Accepted
30 Jun 2016
First published
30 Jun 2016

Dalton Trans., 2016,45, 12653-12660
Article type
Paper

Unveiling the adsorption mechanism of zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 with high efficiency for removal of copper ions from aqueous solutions

Y. Zhang, Z. Xie, Z. Wang, X. Feng, Y. Wang and A. Wu, Dalton Trans., 2016, 45, 12653
DOI: 10.1039/C6DT01827K

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