Solution or solid – it doesn't matter: visible light-induced CO release reactivity of zinc flavonolato complexes
Two types of zinc flavonolato complexes ([(6-Ph2TPA)Zn(flavonolato)]ClO4 and Zn(flavonolato)2) of four extended flavonols have been prepared, characterized, and evaluated for visible light-induced CO release reactivity. Zinc coordination of each flavonolato anion results in a red-shift of the lowest energy absorption feature and in some cases enhanced molar absorptivity relative to the free flavonol. The zinc-coordinated flavonolato ligands undergo visible light-induced CO release with enhanced reaction quantum yields relative to the neutral flavonols. Most notable is the discovery that both types of zinc flavonolato derivatives undergo similar visible light-induced CO release reactivity in solution and in the solid state. A solid film of a Zn(flavonolato)2 derivative was evaluated as an in situ CO release agent for aerobic oxidative palladium-catalyzed alkoxycarbonylation to produce esters in ethanol. The CO release product was found to undergo ester alcolysis under the conditions of the carbonylation reaction.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Small Molecule Activation