Ax(H3O)2−xMn5(HPO3)6 (A = Li, Na, K and NH4): open-framework manganese(ii) phosphites templated by mixed cationic species†
Ax(H3O)2−xMn5(HPO3)6 (A = Li, x = 0.55 (1-Li); A = Na, x = 0.72 (2-Na); A = K, x = 0.30 (3-K); A = NH4, x = 0.59 (4-NH4)) phases were synthesized by employing mild hydrothermal conditions. 1-Li was studied by single crystal X-ray diffraction, while sodium, potassium and ammonium containing analogues were obtained as polycrystalline samples and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction. The four compounds were characterized by ICP-Q-MS, thermal analysis and XPS, IR, UV/Vis and EPR spectroscopy. Single crystal data indicate that 1-Li crystallizes in the Pc1 space group with lattice parameters a = 10.3764(1) Å and c = 9.4017(1) Å with Z = 2. The crystal structure of these phases is constituted by a three-dimensional [Mn(II)5(HPO3)6]2− anionic skeleton templated by alkali metal and ammonium cations together with protonated water molecules. Such an inorganic framework is formed by layers of edge-sharing MnO6 octahedra placed in the ab plane and joined along the c direction through phosphite pseudotetrahedra. The sheets display 12-membered ring channels parallel to the c-axis, ca. 5 Å in diameter, where the extraframework species display a strong disorder. EPR measurements point to the existence of short range ferromagnetic interactions around 12 K. Magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity measurements show that all the compounds exhibit long range antiferromagnetic order below circa 4 K, with a significant magnetocaloric effect around the Neel temperature.