Base-free oxidation of glucose to gluconic acid using supported gold catalysts†
1% Au/TiO2 catalysts prepared by a range of preparation methods were studied for the base-free oxidation of glucose. The highest catalytic activity was observed with the catalyst prepared by the sol-immobilization method. Furthermore we have studied the effect of the post-synthesis treatments of treatment with water, or heating in air on the activity. The catalyst calcined at 250 °C showed optimal activity and selectivity. Additionally, we studied the effect of the amount of stabilising ligand in the sol-immobilisation method and observed that this is a key parameter with respect to determining the catalyst's activity.
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