Covalent organic frameworks based on Schiff-base chemistry: synthesis, properties and potential applications
Covalent organic-frameworks (COFs) are an emerging class of porous and ordered materials formed by condensation reactions of organic molecules. Recently, the Schiff-base chemistry or dynamic imine-chemistry has been widely explored for the synthesis of COFs. The main reason for this new tendency is based on their high chemical stability, porosity and crystallinity in comparison to previously reported COFs. This critical review article summarizes the current state-of-the-art on the design principles and synthetic strategies toward COFs based on Schiff-base chemistry, collects and rationalizes their physicochemical properties, as well as aims to provide perspectives of potential applications which are at the forefront of research in materials science.