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Issue 15, 2016

CO2-responsive polymeric materials: synthesis, self-assembly, and functional applications

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Abstract

CO2 is an ideal trigger for switchable or stimuli-responsive materials because it is benign, inexpensive, green, abundant, and does not accumulate in the system. Many different CO2-responsive materials including polymers, latexes, solvents, solutes, gels, surfactants, and catalysts have been prepared. This review focuses on the preparation, self-assembly, and functional applications of CO2-responsive polymers. Detailed discussion is provided on the synthesis of CO2-responsive polymers, in particular using reversible deactivation radical polymerization (RDRP), formerly known as controlled/living radical polymerization (CLRP), a powerful technique for the preparation of well-defined (co)polymers with precise control over molecular weight distribution, chain-end functional groups, and polymer architectural design. Self-assembly in aqueous dispersed media is highlighted as well as emerging potential applications.

Graphical abstract: CO2-responsive polymeric materials: synthesis, self-assembly, and functional applications

Article information


Submitted
25 Nov 2015
First published
10 Jun 2016

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2016,45, 4391-4436
Article type
Review Article

CO2-responsive polymeric materials: synthesis, self-assembly, and functional applications

A. Darabi, P. G. Jessop and M. F. Cunningham, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2016, 45, 4391 DOI: 10.1039/C5CS00873E

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