Mimicking the brain functions of learning, forgetting and explicit/implicit memories with SrTiO3-based memristive devices†
To implement the complex brain functions of learning, forgetting and memory in a single electronic device is very advantageous for realizing artificial intelligence. As a proof of concept, memristive devices with a simple structure of Ni/Nb-SrTiO3/Ti were investigated in this work. The functions of learning, forgetting and memory were successfully mimicked using the memristive devices, and the “time-saving” effect of implicit memory was also demonstrated. The physics behind the brain functions is simply the modulation of the Schottky barrier at the Ni/SrTiO3 interface. The realization of various psychological functions in a single device simplifies the construction of the artificial neural network and facilitates the advent of artificial intelligence.