Liquid silver tris(perfluoroethyl)trifluorophosphate salts as new media for propene/propane separation†
A series of silver tris(perfluoroethyl)trifluorophosphate (Ag[FAP]) complexes with various ligands (acetonitrile ACN, chloroacetonitrile Cl-ACN, acrylonitrile acryl-CN, pyridine py, ethylenediamine en and propene C3H6) have been synthesized starting from Ag[NO3] and K[FAP] using three different routes. Physicochemical properties as well as crystal structures ([Ag(ACN)2/4][FAP], [Ag(py)2][FAP]) were determined and the suitability of such Ag salts for propene/propane separation processes was investigated. The investigated silver complexes exhibit either low melting points or form liquid complexes when contacted with gaseous propene at 30 °C. This makes them promising separation materials for both liquid membranes and absorber fluids due to their high silver content and significant propene capacity. Single (iGSC) and mixed (NMR) gas solubilities as well as diffusion coefficients (PFG-NMR) of propene and propane were determined to predict the theoretical selectivity of solubility, membrane selectivity, capacity and transport properties of the silver salts according to the solution diffusion model. A strong influence of the number and type of ligands on chemical complexation, physicochemical properties and separation performance has been observed.