Tuning the optical, electronic and luminescence properties of LaOCl:Eu3+via structural and lattice strain modulation
In this work, LaOCl:Eu3+ nanodisks have been successfully synthesized by a hydrothermal process followed by a subsequent heat treatment process. It is observed that the monotonous lattice contraction originating from the incorporation of Eu3+ into the LaOCl host matrix has a consequence on the structural variation and lattice strain modulation. Meanwhile, the lower Eu3+ doping content can induce the band gap narrowing of LaOCl, which is further confirmed by density functional theory (DFT) results. However, different to theoretical predictions, Eu3+ doped LaOCl nanodisks show a constantly narrowing band gap energy with increasing Eu3+ doping concentration as determined by UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra, which is thought to be related to the increase in lattice strain. Futhermore, the Eu–O charge transfer band shifts to a low energy in the excitation spectra with increasing Eu3+ ion doping concentration, which can be attributed to the strengthening of the covalence of Eu–O bonds in the crystal structure environment of the LaOCl host matrix. For the Eu3+ doped LaOCl system, the luminescence intensity is influenced by the concentration quenching as well as the lattice strain. LaOCl:Eu3+ nanodisks exhibit good red emission properties with a maximum quantum efficiency of 87.4%. Thus, it is expected that the luminescence colors of Eu3+ doped LaOCl samples can be tuned by simply adjusting the relative doping concentration of Eu3+ ions, which might find potential applications in fields such as light display systems and optoelectronic devices.