Emerging techniques in the isolation and characterization of extracellular vesicles and their roles in cancer diagnostics and prognostics
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are cell-derived nanovesicles, present in almost all types of body fluids, which play an important role in intercellular communication and are involved in the transport of biological signals for regulating diverse cellular functions. Due to the increasing clinical interest in the role of EVs in tumor promotion, various techniques for their isolation, detection, and characterization are being developed. In this review, we present an overview of the current EV isolation and characterization methods in addition to their applications and limitations. Furthermore, EVs as the potential emerging biomarkers in cancer management and their clinical implementation are briefly discussed.
- This article is part of the themed collections: Recent Open Access Articles and Innovative Tools for Cancer Screening, Detection and Diagnostics