Efficient silicon quantum dots light emitting diodes with an inverted device structure
We use silicon quantum dots (SiQDs) with an average diameter of 2.6 ± 0.5 nm as the light emitting material and fabricate inverted structure light emitting diodes (SiQD-LEDs) with bottom cathodes. ZnO nanoparticles with high electron mobility, a deep valence band edge, and robust features to resist dissolving by the SiQD solvent were used as the electron transport layer. 1,1-Bis[(di-4-tolylamino)phenyl]cyclohexane (TAPC) with high hole transport mobility and a high lowest unoccupied molecular orbital level was used as the hole transport layer. Poly(ethylene imine) (PEI) modified indium-tin oxide (ITO) was used as the low work function (∼3.1 eV) cathode and MoO3/Al as the high work function anode. Electroluminescence of the SiQD-LEDs is mainly from the SiQDs with a peak located at ∼700 nm. The maximum external quantum efficiencies of the SiQD-LEDs are 2.7%.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2015 Journal of Materials Chemistry C Hot Papers