Equivalent energy-level structures in stacked metamaterials†
The unusual properties of metamaterials originate from their artificial metallic structures; however, these materials indeed behave as an effective medium in the operating frequency range. Correspondingly, the unit cell is called a meta-atom, but its relationship with real atoms has not been substantially studied. In this paper, we studied a stacked fishnet metamaterial in the optical frequency range and established a basic relationship between the meta-atom and the real atom. The characteristic frequency of meta-atoms behaves just as the energy level of real atoms, which splits with the stacked meta-atom number, converges with the atom spacing and is sensitive to the features of the center dielectric layer. This work will increase the understanding of metamaterial physics in view of solid-state physics and guide metamaterial design through quantum mechanical methods.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2015 Journal of Materials Chemistry C Hot Papers