A brilliant cryogenic magnetic coolant: magnetic and magnetocaloric study of ferromagnetically coupled GdF3†
The use of paramagnetic molecules as cryogenic coolants usually requires relatively large fields to obtain a practical cooling effect. Thus, research into magnetic molecular materials with larger MCEs in fields of ≤2 T is the main focus in this area. In this work, the crystal structure, magnetic susceptibility and isothermal magnetization for the inorganic framework material GdF3 were measured, and the isothermal entropy change was evaluated up to 9 T. Thanks to the combination of the large isotropic spin of Gd3+, the dense structure and weak ferromagnetic interaction, an extremely large −ΔSm for GdF3 was observed up to 528 mJ cm−3 K−1 for Δμ0H = 9 T, proving it to be an exceptional cryogenic magnetic coolant.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2015 Journal of Materials Chemistry C Hot Papers