Phase dependent visible to near-infrared photoluminescence of CuInS2 nanocrystals†
Nanocrystals of CuInS2 with the hexagonal wurtzite structure hold great potential for applications requiring efficient energy transport, such as photocatalysis, due to their anisotropic crystal structure. However, thus far their optical properties have proven difficult to study, as luminescence from wurtzite nanocrystals has only recently been observed. In this work, we report the colloidal synthesis of single crystalline, luminescent CuInS2 nanocrystals with both the cubic and hexagonal structures. The crystalline phase, optical properties and mechanism of formation of nanocrystals are controlled by changing the reaction temperature. Photoluminescence is observed in the visible and near-infrared spectral regions, which results from the cubic and hexagonal nanocrystals respectively. Synthetic studies combined with XRD, TEM and EDS mapping provide evidence for the mechanisms behind phase selection.