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Issue 39, 2015
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Co-delivery of camptothecin and curcumin by cationic polymeric nanoparticles for synergistic colon cancer combination chemotherapy

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Abstract

Nanoparticle (NP)-based combination chemotherapy has been proposed as a potent strategy for enhancing intracellular drug concentrations and achieving synergistic effects in colon cancer therapy. Here, we fabricated a series of chitosan-functionalized camptothecin (CPT)/curcumin (CUR)-loaded polymeric NPs with various weight ratios of CPT to CUR. The resultant cationic spherical CPT/CUR-NPs had a desirable particle size (193–224 nm), relatively narrow size distribution, and slightly positive zeta-potential. These NPs exhibited a simultaneous sustained release profile for both drugs throughout the study period with a slight, initial burst release. Subsequent cellular uptake experiments demonstrated that the introduction of chitosan to the NP surface markedly increased cellular-uptake efficiency compared with other drug formulations, and thus increased the intracellular drug concentrations. Importantly, the combined delivery of CPT and CUR in a single NP enhanced synergistic effects of the two drugs. Among the five cationic CPT/CUR-NPs tested, NPs with a CPT/CUR weight ratio of 4 : 1 showed the highest anticancer activity, resulting in a combination index of approximately 0.46. In summary, our study represents the first report of combinational application of CPT and CUR with a one-step-fabricated co-delivery system for effective colon cancer combination chemotherapy.

Graphical abstract: Co-delivery of camptothecin and curcumin by cationic polymeric nanoparticles for synergistic colon cancer combination chemotherapy

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Jun 2015, accepted on 30 Aug 2015 and first published on 01 Sep 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5TB01245G
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J. Mater. Chem. B, 2015,3, 7724-7733

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    Co-delivery of camptothecin and curcumin by cationic polymeric nanoparticles for synergistic colon cancer combination chemotherapy

    B. Xiao, X. Si, M. K. Han, E. Viennois, M. Zhang and D. Merlin, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2015, 3, 7724
    DOI: 10.1039/C5TB01245G

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