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Issue 38, 2015
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Vertically aligned graphene nanosheets on silicon using an ionic liquid electrolyte: towards high performance on-chip micro-supercapacitors

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Abstract

Vertically oriented graphene nanosheets were synthesized by an alternative and simple approach based on electron cyclotron resonance-plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (ECR-CVD) onto highly doped silicon substrates. The as-grown graphene electrodes were employed in a symmetric micro-supercapacitor using an aprotic ionic liquid [N-methyl-N-propylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonylimide); PYR13TFSI] as electrolyte. The device was able to deliver an outstanding specific capacitance value of 2 mF cm−2, a power density value of 4 mW cm−2 and an energy density value of 4 μW h cm−2 operating at a large and stable cell voltage of 4 V with a quasi-ideal capacitive behaviour. Moreover, the lifetime of the device exhibited a remarkable electrochemical stability retaining 80% of the initial capacitance after 150 000 galvanostatic charge–discharge cycles at a high current density of 1 mA cm−2. This excellent electrochemical performance results from the obtained channel-based 3-D graphene network promoting rapid electrolyte ion-transport and short diffusion paths.

Graphical abstract: Vertically aligned graphene nanosheets on silicon using an ionic liquid electrolyte: towards high performance on-chip micro-supercapacitors

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Article information


Submitted
22 Jun 2015
Accepted
24 Jul 2015
First published
24 Jul 2015

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015,3, 19254-19262
Article type
Communication
Author version available

Vertically aligned graphene nanosheets on silicon using an ionic liquid electrolyte: towards high performance on-chip micro-supercapacitors

D. Aradilla, M. Delaunay, S. Sadki, J. Gérard and G. Bidan, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 19254
DOI: 10.1039/C5TA04578A

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