Synthesis of tungsten carbide and tungsten disulfide on vertically aligned multi-walled carbon nanotube forests and their application as non-Pt electrocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction†
Direct growth of tungsten carbide and sulfide on vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is demonstrated for a facile construction of three-dimensional electrocatalyst nanostructures. A thin layer of tungsten was first deposited on free-standing CNT forests followed by annealing in an inert atmosphere or in the vapor of sulfur for obtaining tungsten carbide or disulfide, respectively. Besides structural characterization of the composites by means of scanning and transmission electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction, the produced CNT–catalyst composites are also evaluated in the hydrogen evolution reaction and compared to Pt as well as to the original and W coated CNT forests. The results indicate that the template growth of catalyst nanostructures on vertically aligned CNT forests is a suitable approach for catalytic electrode fabrication, which for example may find use in the hydrogen evolution reaction.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2015 Journal of Materials Chemistry A Hot Papers