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Issue 13, 2015
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Future generations of cathode materials: an automotive industry perspective

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Abstract

Future generations of electrified vehicles require driving ranges of at least 300 miles to successfully penetrate the mass consumer market. A significant improvement in the energy density of lithium batteries is mandatory, maintaining at the same time similar, or improved, rate capability, lifetime, cost, and safety. Several new cathode materials have been claimed over the last decade to allow for this energy improvement. The possibility that some of them will find application in the future automotive batteries is critically evaluated here by first considering their theoretical and experimentally demonstrated energy densities at the material level. For selected candidates, the energy density at the automotive battery cell level for electric vehicle applications is calculated using an in-house developed software. For the selected cathodes, literature results concerning their power capability and lifetime are also discussed with reference to the automotive targets.

Graphical abstract: Future generations of cathode materials: an automotive industry perspective

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Jan 2015, accepted on 02 Feb 2015 and first published on 09 Feb 2015


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C5TA00361J
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Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015,3, 6709-6732

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    Future generations of cathode materials: an automotive industry perspective

    D. Andre, S. Kim, P. Lamp, S. F. Lux, F. Maglia, O. Paschos and B. Stiaszny, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 6709
    DOI: 10.1039/C5TA00361J

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