Retarding charge recombination in perovskite solar cells using ultrathin MgO-coated TiO2 nanoparticulate films†
MgO-coated TiO2 nanoparticle (NP)-based electron collecting layers were fabricated to prevent charge recombination at the methylamine lead iodide/TiO2 interface in perovskite solar cells. The open circuit voltage (Voc) and fill factor (ff) of perovskite solar cells based on MgO-coated TiO2 charge collectors were 0.89 V and 71.2%, respectively. These values were 4.7% and 6.1% higher than the pure TiO2 based perovskite solar cells. Transient photovoltage decay data exhibited recombination times for MgO-coated TiO2 NP-based perovskite solar cells about three times longer than those of TiO2 NP based solar cells. The longer recombination time was responsible for enhancing the Voc and ff of MgO-coated TiO2 NP-based perovskite solar cells. By employing a MgO nanolayer, we observed that the power conversion efficiency (PCE) was increased from 11.4% to 12.7%, demonstrating that MgO ultrathin nanolayers are able to efficiently retard charge recombination in perovskite solar cells.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Perovskite Solar Cells