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Issue 7, 2015
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Chemical principles underpinning the performance of the metal–organic framework HKUST-1

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Abstract

A common feature of multi-functional metal–organic frameworks is a metal dimer in the form of a paddlewheel, as found in the structure of Cu3(btc)2 (HKUST-1). The HKUST-1 framework demonstrates exceptional gas storage, sensing and separation, catalytic activity and, in recent studies, unprecedented ionic and electrical conductivity. These results are a promising step towards the real-world application of metal–organic materials. In this perspective, we discuss progress in the understanding of the electronic, magnetic and physical properties of HKUST-1, representative of the larger family of Cu⋯Cu containing metal–organic frameworks. We highlight the chemical interactions that give rise to its favourable properties, and which make this material well suited to a range of technological applications. From this analysis, we postulate key design principles for tailoring novel high-performance hybrid frameworks.

Graphical abstract: Chemical principles underpinning the performance of the metal–organic framework HKUST-1

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Article information


Submitted
23 Apr 2015
Accepted
04 May 2015
First published
11 May 2015

This article is Open Access
All publication charges for this article have been paid for by the Royal Society of Chemistry

Chem. Sci., 2015,6, 3674-3683
Article type
Perspective
Author version available

Chemical principles underpinning the performance of the metal–organic framework HKUST-1

C. H. Hendon and A. Walsh, Chem. Sci., 2015, 6, 3674
DOI: 10.1039/C5SC01489A

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