Synthetic deoxynojirimycin derivatives bearing a thiolated, fluorinated or unsaturated N-alkyl chain: identification of potent α-glucosidase and trehalase inhibitors as well as F508del-CFTR correctors†
The synthesis of eleven 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ) derivatives presenting either a monofluoro, difluoro, thiolated or unsaturated N-alkyl chain of various length is described. Exploiting the unsaturated moiety on the nitrogen, fluorine has been introduced through a HF/SbF5 superacid catalysed hydrofluorination and thiol–ene click chemistry allowed introduction of sulfur. The synthetic derivatives have been tested for their ability to inhibit glycosidases and correct F508del-CFTR. Two of the unsaturated iminosugars exhibited potency similar to Miglustat as F508del-CFTR correctors. The thioalkyl iminosugars as well as the corresponding alkyl iminosugars demonstrated low micromolar α-glucosidases and trehalases inhibition. Introduction of fluorine abolished F508del-CFTR correction and trehalase inhibition.