Issue 41, 2015

Rational design of nanomaterials for water treatment


The ever-increasing human demand for safe and clean water is gradually pushing conventional water treatment technologies to their limits. It is now a popular perception that the solutions to the existing and future water challenges will hinge upon further developments in nanomaterial sciences. The concept of rational design emphasizes on ‘design-for-purpose’ and it necessitates a scientifically clear problem definition to initiate the nanomaterial design. The field of rational design of nanomaterials for water treatment has experienced a significant growth in the past decade and is poised to make its contribution in creating advanced next-generation water treatment technologies in the years to come. Within the water treatment context, this review offers a comprehensive and in-depth overview of the latest progress in rational design, synthesis and applications of nanomaterials in adsorption, chemical oxidation and reduction reactions, membrane-based separation, oil–water separation, and synergistic multifunctional all-in-one nanomaterials/nanodevices. Special attention is paid to the chemical concepts related to nanomaterial design throughout the review.

Graphical abstract: Rational design of nanomaterials for water treatment

Article information

Article type
Review Article
21 Jul 2015
25 Aug 2015
First published
26 Aug 2015
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY license

Nanoscale, 2015,7, 17167-17194

Author version available

Rational design of nanomaterials for water treatment

R. Li, L. Zhang and P. Wang, Nanoscale, 2015, 7, 17167 DOI: 10.1039/C5NR04870B

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