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Issue 32, 2015
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Engineering high-performance Pd core–MgO porous shell nanocatalysts via heterogeneous gas-phase synthesis

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Abstract

We report on the design and synthesis of high performance catalytic nanoparticles with a robust geometry via magnetron-sputter inert-gas condensation. Sputtering of Pd and Mg from two independent neighbouring targets enabled heterogeneous condensation and growth of nanoparticles with controlled Pd core–MgO porous shell structure. The thickness of the shell and the number of cores within each nanoparticle could be tailored by adjusting the respective sputtering powers. The nanoparticles were directly deposited on glassy carbon electrodes, and their catalytic activity towards methanol oxidation was examined by cyclic voltammetry. The measurements indicated that the catalytic activity was superior to conventional bare Pd nanoparticles. As confirmed by electron microscopy imaging and supported by density-functional theory (DFT) calculations, we attribute the improved catalytic performance primarily to inhibition of Pd core sintering during the catalytic process by the metal-oxide shell.

Graphical abstract: Engineering high-performance Pd core–MgO porous shell nanocatalysts via heterogeneous gas-phase synthesis

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Apr 2015, accepted on 05 Jul 2015 and first published on 09 Jul 2015


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C5NR02663F
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Nanoscale, 2015,7, 13387-13392

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    Engineering high-performance Pd core–MgO porous shell nanocatalysts via heterogeneous gas-phase synthesis

    V. Singh, C. Cassidy, F. Abild-Pedersen, J. Kim, K. Aranishi, S. Kumar, C. Lal, C. Gspan, W. Grogger and M. Sowwan, Nanoscale, 2015, 7, 13387
    DOI: 10.1039/C5NR02663F

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