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Issue 25, 2015
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Aqueous synthesis of PEGylated copper sulfide nanoparticles for photoacoustic imaging of tumors

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Abstract

By integrating high imaging sensitivity and high resolution in a single modality, photoacoustic (PA) imaging emerges as a promising diagnostic tool for clinical applications. Benefiting from the absorption in the near-infrared region (NIR), copper sulfide nanoparticles (NPs) as a contrast agent are potentially useful for increasing the sensitivity of PA imaging. However, the aqueous synthesis of size-tunable, biocompatible and colloidally stable copper sulfide NPs remains challenging due to the intrinsic dipole–dipole interactions among particles. In this work, aqueous synthesis of PEGylated copper sulfide NPs with controllable size between 3 and 7 nm was developed. The particle size-dependent contrast enhancement effect of the copper sulfide NPs for PA imaging was carefully studied both in vitro and in vivo. Although the contrast enhancement effect of the copper sulfide NPs is proportional to particle size, the in vivo studies revealed that copper sulfide NPs smaller than 5 nm presented higher tumor imaging performance, especially at the tumor boundary site, which was further discussed in combination with the pharmacokinetic behaviors of differently sized particles.

Graphical abstract: Aqueous synthesis of PEGylated copper sulfide nanoparticles for photoacoustic imaging of tumors

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
05 Apr 2015
Accepted
13 May 2015
First published
15 May 2015

Nanoscale, 2015,7, 11075-11081
Article type
Paper
Author version available

Aqueous synthesis of PEGylated copper sulfide nanoparticles for photoacoustic imaging of tumors

K. Ding, J. Zeng, L. Jing, R. Qiao, C. Liu, M. Jiao, Z. Li and M. Gao, Nanoscale, 2015, 7, 11075
DOI: 10.1039/C5NR02180D

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