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Issue 25, 2015
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Three-dimensional micro/nanoscale architectures: fabrication and applications

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Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) functional solids with programmable hierarchical micro/nanoarchitectures are critical for several fundamental applications, including structural composites, microfluidics, photonics, and tissue engineering. Due to the broad range of application possibilities, a large amount of effort has been devoted to the in-depth exploration of various top-down and bottom-up strategies to construct these complex multi-dimensional structures. In this review, we introduce and discuss selected examples of fabrication techniques which have successfully developed large area, novel 3D functional architectures with exquisite control over their morphology at the nano/subnanolevel. Emphasis is placed on the nanofabrication techniques, their salient features as well as advantages. A summary of the emerging application possibilities of such structures, especially in biomedicine, energy, and device construction, is also discussed.

Graphical abstract: Three-dimensional micro/nanoscale architectures: fabrication and applications

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Article information


Submitted
31 Mar 2015
Accepted
19 May 2015
First published
19 May 2015

Nanoscale, 2015,7, 10883-10895
Article type
Review Article

Three-dimensional micro/nanoscale architectures: fabrication and applications

Q. Xu, Y. Lv, C. Dong, T. S. Sreeprased, A. Tian, H. Zhang, Y. Tang, Z. Yu and N. Li, Nanoscale, 2015, 7, 10883
DOI: 10.1039/C5NR02048D

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