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Issue 11, 2015
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Recent developments of the in situ wet cell technology for transmission electron microscopies

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Abstract

In situ wet cells for transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) allow studying structures and processes in a liquid environment with high temporal and spatial resolutions, and have been attracting increasing research interests in many fields. In this review, we highlight the structural and functional developments of the wet cells for TEM and STEM. One of the key features of the wet cells is the sealing technique used to isolate the liquid sample from the TEM/STEM vacuum environments, thus the existing in situ wet cells are grouped by different sealing methods. In this study, the advantages and shortcomings of each type of in situ wet cells are discussed, the functional developments of different wet cells are presented, and the future trends of the wet cell technology are addressed. It is suggested that in the future the in situ wet cell TEM/STEM technology will have an increasing impact on frontier nanoscale research.

Graphical abstract: Recent developments of the in situ wet cell technology for transmission electron microscopies

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Article information


Submitted
06 Dec 2014
Accepted
27 Jan 2015
First published
29 Jan 2015

Nanoscale, 2015,7, 4811-4819
Article type
Review Article
Author version available

Recent developments of the in situ wet cell technology for transmission electron microscopies

X. Chen, C. Li and H. Cao, Nanoscale, 2015, 7, 4811
DOI: 10.1039/C4NR07209J

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