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Issue 12, 2015
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Fungal phytotoxins with potential herbicidal activity: chemical and biological characterization

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Abstract

Covering: 2007 to 2015

Fungal phytotoxins are secondary metabolites playing an important role in the induction of disease symptoms interfering with host plant physiological processes. Although fungal pathogens represent a heavy constraint for agrarian production and for forest and environmental heritage, they can also represent an ecofriendly alternative to manage weeds. Indeed, the phytotoxins produced by weed pathogenic fungi are an efficient tool to design natural, safe bioherbicides. Their use could avoid that of synthetic pesticides causing resistance in the host plants and the long term impact of residues in agricultural products with a risk to human and animal health. The isolation and structural and biological characterization of phytotoxins produced by pathogenic fungi for weeds, including parasitic plants, are described. Structure activity relationships and mode of action studies for some phytotoxins are also reported to elucidate the herbicide potential of these promising fungal metabolites.

Graphical abstract: Fungal phytotoxins with potential herbicidal activity: chemical and biological characterization

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
24 Jul 2015
First published
07 Oct 2015

Nat. Prod. Rep., 2015,32, 1629-1653
Article type
Review Article
Author version available

Fungal phytotoxins with potential herbicidal activity: chemical and biological characterization

A. Cimmino, M. Masi, M. Evidente, S. Superchi and A. Evidente, Nat. Prod. Rep., 2015, 32, 1629
DOI: 10.1039/C5NP00081E

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