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Issue 34, 2015
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Introduction of luminescent rhenium(i), ruthenium(ii), iridium(iii) and rhodium(iii) systems into rhodamine-tethered ligands for the construction of bichromophoric chemosensors

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Abstract

Several classes of luminescent transition metal complexes, including rhenium(I) tricarbonyl diimine, ruthenium(II) diimine, cyclometallated iridium(III) and rhodium(III) diimine, as well as ruthenium(II) and iridium(III) terpyridine systems, tethered with rhodamine moieties, have been synthesized and characterized. The X-ray crystal structure of one cyclometallated rhodium(III) diimine (11) with a rhodamine pendant was determined. Most of the complexes were found to exhibit emission in fluid solution at room temperature. Depending on the nature of the transition metal system, the emission origin was mainly assigned to be derived from the triplet excited state of the metal-to-ligand charge transfer (3MLCT) or the intraligand (3IL) transition. The cation-binding properties of these complexes toward various cations were investigated by electronic absorption and emission spectroscopy. Some of them were found to exhibit new low-energy absorption and emission bands, attributed to the ring opening of the rhodamine moiety, with high selectivity and/or high sensitivity for various cations, in agreement with sensing and spectroscopic behaviours of the rhodamine derivative. Depending on the nature of the transition metal centres, the chelating ligands as well as the linker to the rhodamine derivative, different sensing properties in terms of selectivity, sensitivity and binding stability, could be obtained.

Graphical abstract: Introduction of luminescent rhenium(i), ruthenium(ii), iridium(iii) and rhodium(iii) systems into rhodamine-tethered ligands for the construction of bichromophoric chemosensors

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
13 Feb 2015
Accepted
21 Apr 2015
First published
22 Apr 2015

Dalton Trans., 2015,44, 15250-15263
Article type
Paper

Introduction of luminescent rhenium(I), ruthenium(II), iridium(III) and rhodium(III) systems into rhodamine-tethered ligands for the construction of bichromophoric chemosensors

C. Wang, H. Lam, N. Zhu and K. M. Wong, Dalton Trans., 2015, 44, 15250
DOI: 10.1039/C5DT00661A

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