Systematic study of the synthesis and coordination of 2-(1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-pyridine to Fe(ii), Ni(ii) and Zn(ii); ion-induced folding into helicates, mesocates and larger architectures, and application to magnetism and self-selection†
With its facile synthesis, the pyridine–1,2,3-triazole chelate is an attractive building block for coordination-driven self-assembly. When two such chelates are bridged by a spacer and exposed to cations of octahedral geometrical preference, they generally self-assemble into dinuclear triple-stranded structures in the solid state and in solution in the presence of non-coordinating counter-ions. In solution, a wider range of architectures may nevertheless form, depending on the nature of the spacer. A systematic study of the spacer and substitution pattern is therefore presented, which allows assessing the various factors affecting self-assembly around the pyridine–1,2,3-triazole chelate, as well as the stereochemical control in these architectures. Applications to chirality, magnetism and system selection are discussed, and involve Fe(II), Ni(II), Zn(II) and Cu(I) cations.