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Issue 11, 2015
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Three centered hydrogen bonds of the type C[double bond, length as m-dash]O⋯H(N)⋯X–C in diphenyloxamide derivatives involving halogens and a rotating CF3 group: NMR, QTAIM, NCI and NBO studies

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Abstract

The existence of three centered C[double bond, length as m-dash]O⋯H(N)⋯X–C hydrogen bonds (H-bonds) involving organic fluorine and other halogens in diphenyloxamide derivatives has been explored by NMR spectroscopy and quantum theoretical studies. The three centered H-bond with the participation of a rotating CF3 group and the F⋯H–N intramolecular hydrogen bonds, a rare observation of its kind in organofluorine compounds, has been detected. It is also unambiguously established by a number of one and two dimensional NMR experiments, such as temperature perturbation, solvent titration, 15N–1H HSQC, and 19F–1H HOESY, and is also confirmed by theoretical calculations, such as quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM), natural bond orbital (NBO) and non-covalent interaction (NCI).

Graphical abstract: Three centered hydrogen bonds of the type C [[double bond, length as m-dash]] O⋯H(N)⋯X–C in diphenyloxamide derivatives involving halogens and a rotating CF3 group: NMR, QTAIM, NCI and NBO studies

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Dec 2014, accepted on 12 Feb 2015 and first published on 12 Feb 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4CP05917D
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Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2015,17, 7528-7536
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    Three centered hydrogen bonds of the type C[double bond, length as m-dash]O⋯H(N)⋯X–C in diphenyloxamide derivatives involving halogens and a rotating CF3 group: NMR, QTAIM, NCI and NBO studies

    A. Lakshmipriya, S. Rama Chaudhari, A. Shahi, E. Arunan and N. Suryaprakash, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2015, 17, 7528
    DOI: 10.1039/C4CP05917D

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