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Issue 2, 2015
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Isoreticular isomerism in 4,4-connected paddle-wheel metal–organic frameworks: structural prediction by the reverse topological approach

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Abstract

The theoretical structure prediction for a series of 4,4-connected copper paddle-wheel metal–organic frameworks has been performed by using the reverse topological approach, starting from the nbo-b topology. Since the rectangular-shaped tetracarboxylate linkers have a lower symmetry than the square vertices in nbo-b, two alternative insertion modes are possible for each linker. This leads, in principle, to the formation of multiple isoreticular isomers, which have been screened by a genetic global minimum search algorithm, using the first principles parameterized force field MOF-FF for structure optimization and ranking. It is found that isoreticular isomerism does, in this case, not lead to disorder but to a number of well-defined but structurally distinct phases, which all share the same network topology but have substantially different pore shapes and properties. In all cases, the experimentally observed structure is correctly predicted, but in addition a number of other slightly less stable phases are observed. Only one of these phases has been synthesized yet. The theoretical analysis of the molecular model systems of the pore cages revealed the reasons for the trends in conformational energy. This proof-of-concept study demonstrates that screening of isoreticular isomerism using an efficient but accurate force field allows prediction of the atomistic structure of even complex and flexible frameworks.

Graphical abstract: Isoreticular isomerism in 4,4-connected paddle-wheel metal–organic frameworks: structural prediction by the reverse topological approach

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Jul 2014, accepted on 04 Sep 2014 and first published on 09 Sep 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4CE01574F
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Citation: CrystEngComm, 2015,17, 344-352
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    Isoreticular isomerism in 4,4-connected paddle-wheel metal–organic frameworks: structural prediction by the reverse topological approach

    S. Bureekaew, V. Balwani, S. Amirjalayer and R. Schmid, CrystEngComm, 2015, 17, 344
    DOI: 10.1039/C4CE01574F

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