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Issue 2, 2015
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The Lewis acidic and basic character of the internal HKUST-1 surface determined by inverse gas chromatography

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Abstract

Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have demonstrated great utilizability in separation applications, as in the separation of small volatile compounds via gas chromatography (GC). In the present work, HKUST-1 (Hong Kong University of Science and Technology), one of the best investigated MOFs, is used as a stationary phase for the gas chromatographic separation of various analytes possessing different modes of interaction due to their differences in polarity and the presence of free electron pairs. The system was investigated by inverse gas chromatography (IGC) to demonstrate in general how MOF materials can be quantitatively and qualitatively characterized in respect to their Lewis basic and acidic properties. Applying IGC theory, the investigation of the separation problem of benzene and its completely hydrogenated analogue cyclohexane was used to the determine the donor properties of the MOF linker benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid and the separation of diethyl ether, diisopropyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, and di-n-propyl ether to determine the acceptor properties of the coordinatively unsaturated sites of the copper(II)-secondary building unit (SBU), i.e. the nodal points of the MOF lattice.

Graphical abstract: The Lewis acidic and basic character of the internal HKUST-1 surface determined by inverse gas chromatography

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Jun 2014, accepted on 17 Oct 2014 and first published on 17 Oct 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4CE01327A
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2015,17, 438-447
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    The Lewis acidic and basic character of the internal HKUST-1 surface determined by inverse gas chromatography

    A. S. Münch and F. O. R. L. Mertens, CrystEngComm, 2015, 17, 438
    DOI: 10.1039/C4CE01327A

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