1D, 2D and 3D liquid crystalline phases formed by bent-core mesogens†
The type of the mesophase is altered by a small change in the molecular architecture, i.e. increasing the number of alkyl chains attached to the mesogenic core at terminal positions. Lamellar (1D) and columnar (2D) phases are formed for molecules with one and three terminal chains, respectively. For those with two chains 3D phases are observed with either cubic or triclinic symmetry structure.