Using the Grubbs and Cochran tests to identify outliers
In a previous Technical Brief (TB No. 39) three approaches for tackling suspect results were summarised. Median-based and robust methods respectively ignore and down-weight measurements at the extremes of a data set, while significance tests can be used to decide if suspect measurements can be rejected as outliers. This last approach is perhaps still the most popular one, and is used in several standards, despite possible drawbacks. Here significance testing for identifying outliers is considered in more detail with the aid of some typical examples.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Analytical Methods Committee Technical Briefs