Fluorene copolymer bilayers for emission colour tuning in inverted hybrid light emitting diodes†
We present a robust, entirely solution-based processing route for the deposition of planar F8BT/TFB poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene-alt-benzothiadiazole)/poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene-alt-N-(4-butylphenyl)-diphenylamine) emissive/hole transport bilayers for emission colour tuning in inverted organic–inorganic hybrid light emitting diodes (HyLEDs). Our method allows the facile exploration of TFB thickness for the first time within inverted devices; here we describe the influence of TFB thickness on the device performance. In particular, we demonstrate significant variations in device electroluminescence with highly controlled tunability between green and orange (550 to 610 nm) emission; correlating directly with the thickness of the TFB layer. These changes are in parallel with a 20-fold increase in current efficiency with respect to F8BT-only devices, with our bilayer devices exhibiting luminance values exceeding 11 000 cd m−2. Additionally, through reflectance and angle-dependent electroluminescence measurements we explore the presence of microcavity effects and their impact on device behaviour. We introduce TFB not only as a charge blocking/transporting layer but also as an optical emission-tuning layer.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Highlighting materials research in the UK for optical, magnetic and electronic devices