Near infrared photoluminescence of the univalent bismuth impurity center in leucite and pollucite crystal hosts
The bismuth doped aluminosilicate phases leucite (KAlSi2O6), gallium leucite (KGaSi2O6) and pollucite (CsAlSi2O6) display broadband NIR photoluminescence. The active center, responsible for this luminescence, is the Bi+ monocation, which substitutes for the large alkali metal cations. The Al,Si-disorder in the aluminosilicate framework of studied crystal phases results in the heterogeneity of Bi+ luminescent center population, which manifests itself in the characteristic dependency of the luminescence spectrum shape on the excitation wavelength. The relation of NIR emission in Bi+-doped leucite and pollucite phases to the luminescent properties of bismuth-doped glasses is also discussed.