Low-cost solution-processed copper iodide as an alternative to PEDOT:PSS hole transport layer for efficient and stable inverted planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells†
Inverted planar heterojunction (PHJ) perovskite solar cells have attracted great attention due to their advantage of low-temperature fabrication on flexible substrates by solution processing with high efficiency. Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrenesulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) is the most widely used hole transport layer (HTL) in inverted PHJ perovskite solar cells; however, the acidic and hygroscopic nature of PEDOT:PSS can cause degradation and reduce the device stability. In this work, we demonstrated that low-cost solution-processed hydrophobic copper iodide (CuI) can serve as a HTL to replace PEDOT:PSS in inverted PHJ perovskite solar cells with high performance and enhanced device stability. A power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 13.58% was achieved by employing CuI as the HTL, slightly exceeding the PEDOT:PSS based device with a PCE of 13.28% under the same experimental conditions. Furthermore, the CuI based devices exhibited better air stability than PEDOT:PSS based devices. The results indicate that low-cost solution-processed CuI is a promising alternative to the PEDOT:PSS HTL and could be widely used in inverted PHJ perovskite solar cells.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2015 Journal of Materials Chemistry A Hot Papers