Rational design and synthesis of polythioureas as capacitor dielectrics†
Rational strategies combining computational and experimental procedures accelerate the process of designing and predicting properties of new materials for a specific application. Here, a systematic study is presented on polythioureas for high energy density capacitor applications combining a newly developed modelling strategy with synthesis and processing. Synthesis was guided by implementation of a high throughput hierarchical modelling with combinatorial exploration and successive screening, followed by an evolutionary structure search based on density functional theory (DFT). Crystalline structures of polymer films were found to be in agreement with DFT predicted results. Dielectric constants of ∼4.5 and energy densities of ∼10 J cm−3 were achieved in accordance with Weibull characteristic breakdown fields of ∼700 MV m−1. The variation of polymer backbone using aromatic, aliphatic and oligoether segments allowed for tuning dielectric properties through introduction of additional permanent dipoles, conjugation, and better control of morphology.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2015 Journal of Materials Chemistry A Hot Papers