Temperature-dependent densification of sodium borosilicate glass
Densified glasses recovered from a high-pressure state are of potential technological interest due to their modified physical and chemical properties. Here we investigate the temperature-dependent densification behavior of a sodium borosilicate glass in a gas pressure chamber at 1 GPa. The temperature is varied for a 30 min treatment between 0.6Tg and 1.15Tg, where Tg is the glass transition temperature, and the treatment duration is varied between 10 and 10 000 min for compression at 0.9Tg. Permanent densification occurs for temperatures above 0.7Tg and the degree of densification increases with increasing compression temperature and time, until attaining an approximately constant value for temperatures above Tg. The same temperature and time dependence is also found for the glass mechanical properties (hardness and brittleness) and the network structure, i.e., fraction of three-fold versus four-fold coordinated boron atoms and ring versus non-ring trigonal boron atoms, and the extent of mixing of Si and B. The results provide insights into the temperature-dependence of the network densification and the relative roles of viscous flow and more localized rearrangements.