Crystal facet tailoring arts in perovskite oxides
Crystal facet engineering is an important strategy for fine-tuning the physical and chemical properties in many fields, which will provide an effective route to fundamentally understand the relationship between the surface structure and the electron state. Many researchers have worked on the technological performance improvement of noble metal nanoparticles and simple metal oxides by tailoring their crystal facets. Perovskite structure oxides are the most prominent mixed-oxide materials in the field of heterogeneous catalysis due to the acceptable catalytic activity and thermal stability. However, the utilization of perovskite oxides is still limited in comparison with noble metal catalysts because the most stable surface is usually terminated with non-catalytically active crystal facets. High-index facet tailoring may be an effective route to improve the activity of perovskite structure catalysts. So far, only several perovskite oxides have been reported on the crystal facet tailoring with well-defined polyhedral shapes. Herein, we review the recent progress in the facet tailoring arts in perovskite structure oxides. This review begins with a general introduction to facet related physical and chemical behavior and the potential facet-dependent applications. Then, the general principles of crystal growth and facet tailoring will be discussed. The principle for possible grown facets of perovskite structure oxides will be proposed. Various shape growth and facet tailoring of perovskite structure oxides will be reviewed in four parts: (i) tungsten and molybdenum trioxide (A0B+6O3); (ii) niobate and tantalite (A+1B+5O3); (iii) titanate and zirconate (A+2B+4O3); (iv) ferrite, chromite and manganite (A+3B+3O3), including mixed-valence state perovskite compounds. The facet tailoring mechanism in perovskite oxides will be discussed in the next section. Finally, an overview of the promising future of facet dependent applications will be given as a perspective outlook. Fundamental understanding of facet tailoring is expected to open up strategies for the development of highly efficient perovskite oxide materials.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2015 Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers Review-type Articles