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Issue 17, 2015
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Selective degradation in aliphatic block copolyesters by controlling the heterogeneity of the amorphous phase

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Abstract

Controlling the course of the degradation of aliphatic polyesters is a key question when designing new degradable materials. It is shown herein that it is possible to predetermine the degradation path of aliphatic block copolyesters by controlling the heterogeneity of the amorphous phase, which in turn regulates the availability of the hydrolyzable groups in the polyester backbone. To demonstrate these processes, we synthesized a set of degradable materials based on poly(L-lactide) (PLLA), poly(ε-decalactone) (PεDL) and poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) with varying compositions. The materials were subjected to hydrolysis for a six months period. The materials composed of PLLA and PεDL exhibited a heterogeneous amorphous phase, whereas the materials composed of PCL and PεDL presented a more homogeneous phase. The kinetics of the degradation indicated that the slowest degradation rate was observed for the more homogeneous compositions. The degradation path of the heterogeneous amorphous phase materials was driven by a random chain scission process, whereas the more homogeneous composition presented a degradation path driven by a more selective chain scission. The confinement of the amorphous phase by the more hydrolytically stable PεDL permitted a selective degradation of the available hydrolyzable groups. The random and more selective chain scission processes were further verified by using previously determined molecular modeling based on Monte Carlo procedures. Topographical images and thermal analyses of the materials under different degradation periods correlated with the proposed degradation paths. Detailed insights and the ability to predetermine the degradation pathways of aliphatic polyesters will continue to expand the great potential of renewable materials and their use in specific applications for a future sustainable society.

Graphical abstract: Selective degradation in aliphatic block copolyesters by controlling the heterogeneity of the amorphous phase

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Jan 2015, accepted on 12 Mar 2015 and first published on 17 Mar 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5PY00136F
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Polym. Chem., 2015,6, 3271-3282
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    Selective degradation in aliphatic block copolyesters by controlling the heterogeneity of the amorphous phase

    V. Arias, P. Olsén, K. Odelius, A. Höglund and A. Albertsson, Polym. Chem., 2015, 6, 3271
    DOI: 10.1039/C5PY00136F

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